The cat's seven senses


The cat possesses seven senses. It has the same ones as human’s: hearing, taste, sight and the sense of touch but it also has proprioception and the Jacobson’s organ. Discover those senses’ particularities in cats.


1. Sight

The cat has an impeccable sight. In fact, it needs six times less luminosity than man in order to see. Furthermore, its vision is of an angle of 260˚ whereas human’s vision is of 220˚. Its binocular vision and its lens allow it to perfectly distinguish distances and features and to quickly focus. With its nocturnal vision, a cat may easily hunt at night.


2. Smell

The sense of smell for cats is a hundred times more developed than for humans. It allows the cat to find its way easily and has an important place in its social relationships and food consumption.


3. The Jacobson organ

The Jacobson organ is located in the palate’s vault. It helps the animal to swallow odours and to analyse them better with the help of its mouth and its nose and to entail the Flehmen reaction.


4. Sense of taste

The cat has limited gustative capacities. In fact, it can only differentiate between four primary tastes i.e. sweet, salty, acidic and bitter.


5. Hearing

With the help of its ears and their ability to direct themselves in different directions, a cat has the ability to hear low volume sounds but also three times more vibrational ranges that humans.


6. Touch

The sense of touch is well developed among cats. In fact, with the help of its muzzle, its long whiskers, its paws, its pads but also its genital and anal zones, the cat is very sensitive to pression or temperature.


7. Proprioception

The cat is well known for its sense of balance and its capacity to land on its paws during a fall. This is due to the captors present in its internal ears which allows it to detect its head’s position in space and each of its muscles’ and tendons’ tension degree.